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China's Education Introduction

With a history of over 5, 000 years, China has a tradition of respecting teachers and honoring the teaching profession since ancient times, Ancient Chinese education not only played a significant role in passing down and developing Chinese civilization, but also made tremendous contributions to the civilization of the world. Modern Chinese education was initiated about one hundred years ago when the country was undergoing drastic changes and it developed quite slowly in general and lagged far behind modern education of the world due to the semi-colonial and semi-feudal nature of Chinese society.

October 1, 1949 witnessed the founding of the People's Republic of China. The Chinese people became their own masters and China entered a new era. From that time on, Chinese education has stridden to an entirely new stage.

With a 5,000-year history of civilization, China is a nation that has been stressing on the importance of education. From ancient times till the modern, education has constituted a key aspect in the life of the average people.

Since the founding of New China in 1949, the Chinese government has placed priority on developing education, putting forward the strategy of revitalizing the country through science and education, making constant efforts to deepen the reform of educational system. Meanwhile, the government has also implemented the nine-year compulsory education, increased investment in education and encouraged people to run education through different channels and in different forms.

"Education must meet the needs of the modernization drive, the world and the future", put forward by Deng Xiaoping, is the direction of China's educational development, and also the guiding principle to promote education reform and construction.

China's educational horizons are expanding due to the country’s open door policies. Ten years ago, the MBA was virtually unknown in China. But by 2004 there were 47,000 MBAs, trained at 62 MBA schools. Many people also apply for international professional qualifications, such as EMBA and MPA; close to 10,000 MPA students are enrolled in 47 schools of higher learning, including Peking University and Tsinghua University, the two most well-known schools in China and abroad. The education market has rocketed, with training and testing for professional qualifications thriving, such as computer and foreign languages. Continuing education is the trend, once in one's life schooling has become lifelong learning.

International cooperation and education exchanges are also on the increase every year. China has more students studying abroad than any other country. Since 1979, there have been over 697,000 Chinese students studying in 103 countries and regions. The number of foreign students studying in China has also increased rapidly. In 2004, over 110,000 students from 178 countries were studying at China's universities.

Investment in education has increased in recent years; the proportion of the overall budget allocated to education has been increased by one percentage point every year since 1998. According to a Ministry of Education program, the government will set up an educational finance system in line with the public finance system, strengthen the responsibility of governments at all levels in educational investment, and ensure that their financial allocation for educational expenditure grows faster than their regular revenue. The program also set out the government's aim that educational investment should account for four percent of GDP in a relatively short period of time.

For non-compulsory education, China adopts a shared-cost mechanism, charging tuition at a certain percentage of the cost. Meanwhile, to ensure that students from low-income families have access to higher education, the government has initiated effective ways of assistance, with policies and measures as scholarships, loans, work-study programs, subsidies for students with special economic difficulties, tuition reduction or exemption and state stipends.

 Source :  Editor: WuLin
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