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   The term Nanquan can be translated from Mandarin Chinese to mean Southern Fist. China is traditionally divided by the north and south by the great Yangzi River (Changjiang). The styles used north of the river are called Changquan or Long Fist styles while the fighting style of the south are referred to as Nanquan. Beyond that, there are 2 definitions for Nanquan.

   The first is that Nanquan refers to all the fighting styles developed in Southern China. This includes all of the traditional styles used of the South including; Wing Chun (Yongchun), Choy Lay Fut (Cai Li Fo), Hung Gar Kuen (Hong Jia Quan), Fut Ga Kuen (Fo Jia Quan), Five Ancestor Fist (Wu Zu Quan), Black Tiger (Hei Hu Quan), Hakka Kuen (Ke Jia Quan), etc

   The second definition refers only to Contemporary Nanquan that was developed shortly after the founding of the Peoples Republic of China (1949) as part of the new Chinese National sport, Wushu. Nanquan is an integral part of the sport of Wushu.

   The sport is divided between sparring called Sanda and forms competition called Taolu. It is one of the 3 principle styles covered in sport wushu along with Changquan and Taijiquan. Contemporary Nanquan is the modern collection of the 5 great fighting styles of southern China. (Yes, there is a corresponding collection of 5 styles of northern China that is contemporary Changquan, which is well documented on many other sites.) Nanquan as a part of Wushu, is represented in 3 of the 10 form events in the sport: Nanquan (Southern Fist), Nandao (Southern Saber) and Nangun (Southern Staff).

   Nanquan is built on stable, low stances from which it launches powerful hand barrages. There are very few kicks in Nanquan. The arm combinations are used in their entirety to cover all ranges of attack and defense. The concepts of attack and defense are blended so that the blocks are delivered such an aggressive manner as to constitute being an attack in itself. While the firm stances are required, a high level of mobility is also necessary while maintaining the low positions. 


 Source :   Editor: linwu
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